The Athenian City Walls
May 4, 2017
Combination of satellite and aerial imagery, cadastral and historical map for the centre of Athens.
Historical Cartography
May 20, 2017

The Western Ηills of Athens

Drawing by Sir William Gell, 1801-1813. Adapted by Dipylon.

The Western Hills have been incorporated from the outset into the urban environment of Athens and have since been the focus of a variety of interventions, such as stone extraction, landscaping and afforestation, individual or collective appropriation, and visual arts. As a consequence, archaeological remains have faced multiple challenges, resulting in their partial or total extinction.

The project consists in collecting and processing archival material for studying the morphology of the Hills, focusing on the archaeological remains, the road network and the topography, which were constantly changing over time. The study attempts to enrich the published material with new elements so as to contribute to the reconstruction of the morphology of the Hills as far back as possible in antiquity.

Utilizing the benefits of GIS, we will make sure that the diverse collection of materials (maps, excavations, narratives, photos, sketches, etc.) can be placed in space and time, and published on the internet with the help of web-mapping. We hope it will be a useful tool for studying and highlighting the Western Hills of Athens.

Since January, with the kind support of the John S. Latsis Public Benefit Foundation, we have been carrying out a study entitled "Development of a methodology for the documentation of archaeological sites in the urban environment: Recording and simulation of the historical transformations of the Philopappou hill in Athens".

The digital resources that will be created within the project will be openly made available to the public and any cultural management body.


Detail from the map of the Western hills of Athens by É. Burnouf (
Panoramic view of Philopappos hill from the Acropolis. Piraeus is shown in the background. Neue Photographische Gesellschaft A. G. Berlin Steglitz 1905.
Combination of aerial imagery from 1944 (BSA Aerial Photograph Collection - T4.4200) and modern orthophoto (NCMA S.A.).
Carvings in the bedrock, Filopappos Hill.